The Joan Miro biography presented here is an overview of the life, works, and facts of this worldwide recognized Spanish artist. His full name was Joan Miró i Ferra. He was born on April 20, 1893, in Barcelona Spain. He is famous worldwide because of his unique surrealist style in all his works. Joan Miro was not only a painter but a multifaceted artist, by producing interesting sculptures as well as fantastic works in ceramics. He liked to take care of every detail. He was a disciplined and hard working person, who always maintained order in his projects.
Some of Joan Miro artworks are spread in different spots in the city and are included in our recommended Barcelona sightseeing places. His style is simple, childlike, colorful and easily recognizable on all his artworks. These unique characteristics make Miro a world-known artist whose works are more and more appreciated every year. This biography is an overview of the essential facts and years of his life.
The Learning Period of Joan Miro
His father, Miquel Miro i Adzerias, was a watchmaker and goldsmith. His mother, Dolors Ferra i Oromí, was from Palma de Mallorca. At the age of seven, Joan had begun the elementary school and attended his first drawing classes. Some preserved drawings from this time can be seen at the Miro Foundation in Barcelona.
His parents wanted him to study at the business school. In 1907, he enrolled at the School of Commerce in Barcelona. But at the same time, Joan also attended the classes at the School of Fine Arts, until 1910. This is an essential period in his life.
He was working as a clerk in a drugstore for a couple of years, but as this was not the kind of activity he probably wanted to develop, he suffered a nervous breakdown and abandoned the job. He caught typhoid fever and had to spend some time on the family's farmhouse, in the province of Tarragona.
Joan Miro finally abandoned business and resumed the art studies in 1912. He enrolled in the School of Art of Francesc Gali, where he was attending classes for three years, until 1915. His parents had to accept the choice of Joan to make a career as an artist. But, as you may imagine, they did not give him all the necessary support.