Understanding Pablo Picasso Cubism


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You may be seeking to learn more about Pablo Picasso cubism and this very influential style of artwork. When you visit Barcelona, you will hear a lot about Picasso, and it is fascinating to see a variety of Pablo Picasso famous paintings, including few cubist works, at the Museu Picasso. So let's take a closer look at the life and innovative techniques from this world-renowned artist.


Pablo Picasso Cubism - Seated Nude Woman, 1909

Seated Nude Woman, 1909

A Look at Picasso Cubism

From 1909-1912, Picasso dedicated himself to this style of painting called analytic cubism, which was developed together with Georges Braque. Basically, in this technique, objects were taken apart and analyzed for their shapes. If you look at Pablo Picasso paintings and compare them to Braque's work during this time, there are various similarities.

The next stage of Picasso's work is called Synthetic Cubism, and it lasted from 1912-1919. Through this genre, paper fragments were cut and pasted into the artworks. This type of Picasso cubism was, in fact, the first use of collage.

Pablo Picasso Cubism - La Llotja school, today The Catalan Royal Academy of Fine Arts

La Llotja school, today The Catalan Royal Academy of Fine Arts

Picasso's Connection to Barcelona

Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, the South of Spain, and he lived in France for most of his life. He was born in 1881 and moved to Paris in 1905. However, Barcelona was a significant city to the artist because it is where he lived during his formative years.

His family moved to Barcelona in 1895 and Picasso began going to the Llotja School of Fine Arts. His father also worked there as a teacher.

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Pablo Picasso Cubism - Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, 1907

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, 1907

Barcelona Inspired Pablo Picasso

Picasso found that Barcelona was very progressive about art, culture as well as society. When you visit Barcelona's Pablo Picasso gallery, you will see that the city is the inspiration for many of his works. He returned to Barcelona quite a few times during his lifetime.

It is interesting to note that one of the works that many consider being the best first example of Picasso Cubism depicts a street in Barcelona. This painting was called Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (the Ladies of D'Avinyo). It represents prostitutes at a whorehouse on the Avinyo street in the Gothic Quarter.

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Pablo Picasso Cubism - Main entrance of the Picasso Museum

Main entrance of the Picasso Museum

The Pablo Picasso Gallery in Barcelona

When you visit the Museu Picasso in Barcelona, you will see many of his works and gain a better understanding of his relationship with the city. The museum opened back in 1963. His friend and secretary Jaume Sabartés set it up according to Picasso's wishes.

The exhibits back in the 1960's consisted of his friend's collection and Pablo Picasso works donated to the museum. Over the years, others also gave to the collection as well. Currently, there are more than 4200 works. Picasso Cubism makes up only a small fraction of what you'll see, as there is a wide range of works represented, mainly from his early years. If you are mostly interested in seeing Picasso Cubism, the Picasso Museum in Paris is best known for their collection.

There are other museums in Barcelona that showcase Pablo Picasso art as well. For example, the National Museum of Catalan Art (MNAC) showcases one of the key Pablo Picasso famous paintings entitled The Woman With Hat and Fur Collar. This masterpiece is a classic work of Picasso Cubism.

The Barcelona Ceramics Museum once showcased a collection of Picasso's ceramics that were donated in the 1950's. However, this museum closed in March 2013. The collection was moved to the new Barcelona Design Hub Museum, DHUB, which opened the doors of the new premises during 2014. You can also find several impressive Pablo Picasso artworks in ceramics in the Fran Daurel museum at Poble Espanyol.

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Pablo Picasso Cubism - Cafe Els Quatre Gats (Four Cats Bar-Restaurant)

Cafe Els Quatre Gats (Four Cats Bar-Restaurant)

Cafe Els Quatre Gats (Four Cats Bar-Restaurant)

Additionally, if you are looking to learn more about Pablo Picasso art works, check out Els Quatre Gats. This tavern was the Barcelona version of the Le Chat Noir nightclub in Montmartre, Paris, and it was a place for various artists and writers to come. Picasso spent a great deal of time in this Cafe.

When he was in his teens, he sketched and painted his friends there. In fact, his first solo exhibition was at the tavern. Picasso designed the menu of the restaurant, and you can see a copy of this on every menu. Plus, the building was designed by Josep Puig i Cadafalch and has a fascinating modernist look.

Picasso Cubism is essential to the art world because it influenced German expressionism, dada art, and other early surreal art. If you are interested in seeing Pablo Picasso famous paintings and learning more about the artist himself, you will get a great deal out of a walking tour.

We offer a great saving combo: Pablo Picasso walking tour including Picasso Museum, which not only includes admission to the Picasso Museum, but also it will take you through various Picasso "haunts" in the Gothic Quarter including Els Quatre Gats. You will end up understanding much more about Pablo Picasso Cubism as well as the man himself.

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